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Gomel

Gomel is an important regional center in Belarus, the second biggest city of the country. Modern Gomel is known for its developed infrastructure and carefully retained history. High output of the industrial complex, convenient transport infrastructure and entertainment network illustrate Gomel as one of the leading cities in Belarus, numerous historical sites to mention also. It completes the city's surface, being kind of silent remind of the rich history of Gomel.
Gomel was first mentioned in chronicles under its current name in 1142. Gomel had experienced numerous "ups and downs" in its history, while significant progress came in the 19th century under the rule of Paskevich family. Thanks to efforts of the family Gomel experienced great development of industrial networks. Moreover, due to religious tolerance of Russian Empire rule, adherents of different religions enjoyed a peaceful coexistence throughout the years.


Jewish community of Gomel
Unfortunately, Jews that settled in the city since the 17th century, didn't escape from persecution. Chronicles tell about multiple pogroms, as well as about the extermination of local community in 1648. The community resurrected in few years, while the city was taken under Polish rule. Moreover, Gomel became one of important centers of Hassidism, there was a big number of synagogues, heders and Jewish education venues in the city. Within the time, many Zionism followers joined the community. They initiated opening of Hebrew educational facilities in the city.
The First World War and, significantly, the 1917 October Revolution almost caused the community to cease existing. Although, the Jews in Gomel were still given the right to learn in their language and work, even when most of heders and synagogues were taken by the authority and transformed into its venues, such as workers' clubs etc.
During the WWII Nazi occupation the Jewish community of Gomel was executed almost completely.


Places of interest in Gomel:
• The Tyshkevichs mansion and its court, notable for being the oldest museum complex in Belarus
• The "Rosh-Pino" active synagogue
Notable residents:
• Levi Yitzhak Schneerson – author of several important works in Hassidic and Kabbalah field. Was the Chief Rabbi of Dnipropetrovsk
• Rav Desler – spiritual leader, founder of the Mosar religious movement
• Yevgeni Birbrayer – Hero of the Soviet Union
• Lev Schirelman – mathematician
• Simon Kremer – Soviet army figure
• Yuri Forman – boxer, 2009 world champion


The Jewish community nowadays:
The Jewish community of Gomel is prominent in our days too. 1993 was marked by return of the local synagogue to the community. There is a Sunday school functioning in the city, including interactive lessons with Jerusalem.

GOMEL

 

Gomel is an important regional center in Belarus, the second biggest city of the country. Modern Gomel is known for its developed infrastructure and carefully retained history. High output of the industrial complex, convenient transport infrastructure and entertainment network illustrate Gomel as one of the leading cities in Belarus, numerous historical sites to mention also. It completes the city’s surface, being kind of silent remind of the rich history of Gomel.

Gomel was first mentioned in chronicles under its current name in 1142. Gomel had experienced numerous “ups and downs” in its history, while significant progress came in the 19th century under the rule of Paskevich family. Thanks to efforts of the family Gomel experienced great development of industrial networks. Moreover, due to religious tolerance of Russian Empire rule, adherents of different religions enjoyed a peaceful coexistence throughout the years.

Jewish community of Gomel

Unfortunately, Jews that settled in the city since the 17th century, didn’t escape from persecution. Chronicles tell about multiple pogroms, as well as about the extermination of local community in 1648. The community resurrected in few years, while the city was taken under Polish rule. Moreover, Gomel became one of important centers of Hassidism, there was a big number of synagogues, heders and Jewish education venues in the city. Within the time, many Zionism followers joined the community. They initiated opening of Hebrew educational facilities in the city.
The First World War and, significantly, the 1917 October Revolution almost caused the community to cease existing. Although, the Jews in Gomel were still given the right to learn in their language and work, even when most of heders and synagogues were taken by the authority and transformed into its venues, such as workers’ clubs etc.
During the WWII Nazi occupation the Jewish community of Gomel was executed almost completely.

Places of interest in Gomel :

·         TheTyshkevichs mansion and its court, notable for being the oldest museum complex in Belarus

·         The “Rosh-Pino” active synagogue

Notable residents :

·         Levi Yitzhak Schneerson – author of several important works in Hassidic and Kabbalah field. Was the Chief Rabbi of Dnipropetrovsk

·         Rav Desler – spiritual leader, founder of the Mosar religious movement

·         Yevgeni Birbrayer – Hero of the Soviet Union

·         Lev Schirelman – mathematician

·         Simon Kremer – Soviet army figure

·         Yuri Forman – boxer, 2009 world champion

The Jewish community nowadays :

The Jewish community of Gomel is prominent in our days too. 1993 was marked by return of the local synagogue to the community. There is a Sunday school functioning in the city, including interactive lessons with Jerusalem.